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 Miks
Author: Funfly 
Date:   2014-05-25 19:52

Why do flute players place the mike next to the mouthpiece compared with other instrument players place it at the bell end?

Would it be the same with any instrument where the air generating the sound goes across the instrument, i.e. a recorder?

Martyn Thatcher Mature Student Cheshire U.K.
Clarinet - Yamaha SE Custom
Alto Sax - Yamaha YAS 480
Guitar - Yamaha FG 375-S

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 Re: Miks
Author: BobD 
Date:   2014-05-25 20:35

Can't give you a definitive answer but since you don't have any other responses yet here's something: Where to place a mike is a controversial subject, depends on the venue, the player, the mike itself and the opinion of the guy who's doing the recording.

Bob Draznik

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 Re: Miks
Author: Ken Shaw 2017
Date:   2014-05-25 20:48

The flute's sound is generated by the vibration of the airstream passing from the player's lips to the opposite side of the hole. The airstream vibrates up and down (between the top and bottom of the riser), with the frequency determined by the length of the tube, which depends on which keys are open and closed. It's an "air reed."

The recorder is the same. The airstream travels from the end of the windway to the sharp-edged labium. This air reed vibrates by moving from slightly above the labium to slightly below it and then back up.

Other instruments emit sound in other ways. On the clarinet, the vibrating reed excites the air inside the bore, and this vibrating air creates the tone. The sound comes almost entirely from the highest open hole. It's the same for other reed instruments and brass instruments.

For the strings, the string vibration goes into the body of the instrument via the bridge, and the entire body vibrates, along with the air inside the body.

Ken Shaw

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 Re: Miks
Author: Funfly 
Date:   2014-05-26 01:43

I've been looking at a number of clarinet performances on the net and quite a lot of jazz performers have the mike at the end as if it was a trumpet.

I can see from Ken's reply that ideally the mike should catch the 'sound' from the body of the clarinet depending which holes are covered and this makes sense to me.

A number of symphony performances use overhead mikes and I assume this is probably the best position.

Thanks Bob and Ken, but I would like now to take this a bit further and I appreciate that this is only a theoretical question:

What difference would there be to the sound of a clarinet sampled from by the hole compared with the sound of the same note sampled through the horn - in other words what comes out the end when only a few holes are covered?

Martyn Thatcher Mature Student Cheshire U.K.
Clarinet - Yamaha SE Custom
Alto Sax - Yamaha YAS 480
Guitar - Yamaha FG 375-S

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